The demand for technology has experienced an upward shift over the past decade. Virtual Reality (VR) is a computer-generated experience that feels real to the user. These experiences are derived to fulfil specific goals that vary depending on the software that is being executed and the industry. To experience VR, users use Virtual Reality headsets.

What Is a Virtual Reality Headset?

A Virtual Reality headset is a head-mounted device that comes with a display screen, sensors, stereo sound, and compatible controllers to deliver an immersive and interactive audiovisual experience.

How does VR Headset work?

When a user puts on a VR headset, there is no disturbance from the surrounding environment, but instead, the user only sees VR content projected on the display screen such as 360-degree videos and VR games, workspaces, or meeting rooms for other activities.

VR headsets do not allow users to see any element of the external physical world. Moreover, the user will rely on a set of VR controllers to navigate the experience. The device offers an interactive experience, requiring a controller to do the following controls:

  • Point to objects
  • Select
  • Drag
  • Drop
  • Scroll up or down
  • Navigate between different VR spaces
  • Demarcate boundaries, and other functions

Today, most of the VR headsets available in the market are similar to joysticks as they use handheld controllers. However, it can be expected that the futuristic models may come up with haptic gloves that will allow users to navigate through the virtual world using their fingers, gestures, touch, and other naturalized movements.

What are the Basic Components of VR Headsets?

An array of sensors

In VR, for the user to interact with the virtual world they need to give continuous inputs. To track these inputs and respond, VR headsets come with numerous sensors, and some devices even have a six degrees of freedom (6DoF) system for head tracking.

To specify, the 6DoF system tracks head movements and repositions the display with the help of gyroscopes, accelerometers, and other sensors. Not just head-tracking, some headsets also have eye-tracking sensors that can understand when eyes focus on a VR object or location.

Lenses and screens

VR headset’s hardware is typically made up of its lenses and screen setup. The stereoscopic lenses positioned between the screen and the user’s eyes distort the image further giving the stimulation of a three-dimensional image.


  • Two images, one for each eye, are passed through the lens.
  • These images are similar to how our eyes perceive and process visuals in the real world
  • Further, images in VR headsets appear to move side-to-side to recreate a 360-degree experience and are achieved by subtly moving the display content in response to head tracking data.

Immersive audio

In the real world, users’ experience of audio is directly linked to our perception of distance and space. VR headsets mimic the real-world sound experience of the user by using 360-degree or immersive audio technology like binaural audio and the new spatial audio, pioneered by companies like Apple. These audio technologies contribute to making a good virtual experience.


VR headset controllers are known as the bridge between the real and the virtual worlds. There are multiple controllers apart from the usual set of two handheld controllers that come with most headsets. Many companies around the world offer a different set of controls to deliver an uninterrupted user experience.

All of the above-stated components when working together with sophisticated VR software allow the headset to function properly. Once the headset boots up, users are welcomed by a realistic virtual environment that acts as a lobby and is equivalent to a computer’s homepage.

To conclude, with growing demands, one can expect innovations that would be built on their existing core functionalities to create an enriching, seamless, and accessible VR experience.

One of the best ways of creating a powerful VR product is to work with a team who has the knowledge and skills to succeed in the market. At Augment Works, we have been delivering world-class software to our clients for a very long time. Contact us as we can help you understand the future of your business and how VR can help you stay ahead of the competition. For more information contact:

Ghanshyam Sharma
Ghanshyam Sharma